Coronavirus (COVID-19) Europe

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC)

As of 21 November 2020, 11 752 298 cases have been reported in the EU/EEA and the UK: France (2 109 170), Spain (1 556 730), United Kingdom (1 473 508), Italy (1 345 767), Germany (902 528), Poland (819 262), Belgium (553 584), Czechia (487 563), Netherlands (472 616), Romania (403 123), Portugal (249 498), Austria (234 670), Sweden (208 295), Hungary (170 298), Bulgaria (118 418), Croatia (96 837), Slovakia (93 396), Greece (87 812), Ireland (69 802), Denmark (68 362), Slovenia (62 580), Lithuania (42 757), Norway (31 438), Luxembourg (29 243), Finland (20 747), Latvia (12 102), Estonia (9 076), Malta (8 560), Cyprus (8 211), Iceland (5 251) and Liechtenstein (1 094).

As of 21 November 2020, 288 444 deaths have been reported in the EU/EEA and the UK: United Kingdom (54 286), Italy (48 569), France (48 265), Spain (42 619), Belgium (15 352), Germany (13 884), Poland (12 714), Romania (9 756), Netherlands (8 810), Czechia (7 021), Sweden (6 406), Portugal (3 762), Hungary (3 689), Bulgaria (2 778), Austria (2 097), Ireland (2 018), Greece (1 419), Croatia (1 257), Denmark (778), Slovenia (644), Slovakia (614), Finland (375), Lithuania (357), Norway (306), Luxembourg (254), Latvia (146), Malta (104), Estonia (87), Cyprus (43), Iceland (26) and Liechtenstein (8).
More details are available here.

ECDC COVID-19 pandemic
ECDC is monitoring the COVID-19 pandemic, follow latest updates.

New COVID-19 situation dashboard
ECDC has launched a new COVID-19 situation dashboard, providing users with a simple, user-friendly platform to explore and interact with the latest COVID-19 data from Europe and worldwide.

Denmark has experienced an extensive spread of SARS-CoV-2 in mink farms. According to Denmark’s State Serum Institute (SSI), 216 mink farms have been affected and five different groups or clusters of mink variants have been found in the country.

Danish authorities are currently culling all minks in the country.
SSI identified seven unique mutations/changes in the spike protein of the SARS-CoV-2 variants in minks. These variants have also been found in people living in the affected areas. SSI tested a variant from cluster 5 with four simultaneous changes in the spike protein (amino acid changes: H69del/V70del, Y453F, I692V and M1229I). This variant has been found in five mink farms, as well as in people in the surrounding community.

Information on all variants will be uploaded to the international system GISAID. Preliminary studies found that the variant from cluster 5 showed less sensitivity to neutralising antibodies from people with previous COVID-19 infection. The finding suggests that mink-specific mutations have the potential to influence the virus sensitivity to protective antibodies after an infection with a non-mink variant of SARS-CoV-2. This may also pose a threat in terms of the effectiveness of spike protein-directed COVID-19 vaccines on specific mink variants of SARS-CoV2. Further analyses and scientific studies are needed to better understand the identified mutations and their potential implications.

5 November 2020 – The second wave is crashing over Europe, and intensive care capacity is close to breaking point. Germany could hit its limit next month, France and Switzerland might crack by mid-month. A week ago, half of French intensive care beds were occupied. Now, 70 percent are occupied, with more than 3.500 coronavirus patients. When President Emmanuel Macron announced a second national lockdown last week — something he and other European leaders had sought mightily to avoid — he warned that “at this stage, we know that whatever we do, nearly 9.000 patients will be in intensive care by mid-November, which is almost the entirety of French capacities.” In Belgium the situation is even worse. The country could overrun capacity this week or next. Belgium, which had doubled its intensive care capacity, is now preparing for decisions about which needy patient should get a bed. The incidence of coronavirus cases there is the highest in Europe, at 3.956 per 100.000 people. What seemed like huge investments to expand hospital capacity now look totally inadequate. Warning bells should have been ringing in early July, after the spring lockdowns were eased. But only a few recognised the vibrations that heralded a tsunami of new cases.